crailer (c.1290)

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The form tralentir is a cross reference to the following entry:

crailer (c.1290)


[FEW: 4,204a gracula; Gdf: 4,330c grailler; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: G1141 grailler / traier / tralentir; DMF:  grailler; TLF:  grailler; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
traer,  traier;  tralier  

The c-spelling in Nominale suggests that the word may be a variant of DMF grailler (‘Émettre un cri rauque, coasser’), although verb is generally used with reference to the sound produced by birds. The t-spelling, which is clearly found in the Bibbesworth manuscript tradition, may be a further corruption of the form (through c and t confusion by the original scribes). However, it is possible that this verb, solely used for the sound produced by badgers, derives from an entirely different, but unidentified, etymon or that it is simply onomatopoeic.


1soundzool.mammals(of a badger) to scream, shriek
( c.1290; MS: 1307-25 ) Gopil cleye, thesson traie (var. (T: s.xivin) trae )  259
( c.1290; MS: s.xv1 ) Gupil cleie, tesson traleut (M.E. houlyt) Quant le veneour quere le veut  (B) 96r
( c.1290; MS: s.xv1 )  Gupel claie, tesson traleut (M.E. whynes)  (O) 333va
( s.xivin; MS: 1382 ) Tesson craile (M.E. Brok woulith)  748
This is an AND2 Phase 6 (T-Z) entry. © 2022-25 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.