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  • sein 1 a. s. adv.

    Semantic labels: agricultural, horses, livestock, med., oenol., theol., zool.
    Usage labels: fig.

    Citations:

    (of animals, horses, etc.) healthy, disease-free
    horses: (s.xiiiin) Od palefreis beaus e grans e seins 1485
    horses: (1387) le pleintiff achata del defendaunt un chivalle [...] le quel chivalle il luy garrantist d'estre sayne en tous poynts 11 Rich II 4

  • [somersadel] s.

    Semantic labels: horses

    Citations:

    packsaddle
    horses: (1415) Item, .iiij. veillis somersadils et .ij. malesadils, pris .iij. s. 89

  • sor 1 a. s.

    Semantic labels: colour, falc., horses, mammals, orn., zool.

    Citations:

    (of a horse) sorrel, chestnut, reddish brown
    horses: (s.xii2/4) Li Algalifes sist sur un ceval sor 1943
    horses: (s.xii3/4) En bere le metent entre deus chevals sors 3715
    horses: (s.xiii1/3) Gui va ferir le cunte Jordan [...] Que loinz l'abati del cheval sor 5356
    horses: (s.xiiiex) (types of horses:) aureos: (C) sorz orius orins A s.xiii / mirrheos: (C) auke sorz, liarz ii 39.78
    horses: (s.xivin) Chival praié, hakeney sor red hakeney 718
    horses: (s.xvin) Un chivaler [...] Qi a chival sore est monté 26.13

    (of a horse’s coat) pale sorrel, chestnut, reddish brown
    horses: (s.xiiiex) (types of horses:) cervinos: (L) mens sors meyneit sors, mey[n] sors D s.xiii/xiv ii 39

  • [sorbai] a.

    Semantic labels: colour, horses, zool.

    Citations:

    (of the coat of a horse) sorrel bay, chestnut, reddish brown
    horses: (1382) un chival sorebay ii 242.744

  • [sorbauçan] a. s.

    Semantic labels: colour, horses, zool.

    Citations:

    (of the coat of a horse) skewbald sorrel, reddish brown with white patches
    horses: (a.1181) dedit inde .j. kazzorium sorbauzan et .ij. m. argenti et [...] avunculo meo kazzorium ferrant’ cacior 234c

    skewbald sorrel horse, reddish brown horse with white patches
    horses: (1343) .j. sorbausan sub bausand a.

  • [sorel] 1 a. s.

    Semantic labels: colour, horses, mammals, zool.

    Citations:

    sorrel, chestnut, reddish brown or a horse of that colour
    horses: (s.xiii1) badios: bays / aurea: sorrus ii 62 (W)

  • stalon s.

    Semantic labels: horses, zool.

    Citations:

    stallion, male horse
    horses: (s.xii) missarius: stalun i 22
    horses: (s.xii/xiii) equm admissarium: stalun ii 89.160
    horses: (s.xiiiex) emissarius: stalon 176
    horses: (s.xiiiex) [...] de chescune jumente un poleyn par an, e si li eit nule ke n’eyt poleyn si seit enquis si ceo seit [...] par defaute de stalun 64

  • stode 2 s.

    Semantic labels: archit., horses, livestock

    Citations:

    stud, farm where horses are kept for breeding
    horses: (s.xiii) hoc stipatum: g[allice] stode 29

  • [stodemare] s.

    Semantic labels: female, horses, mammals

    Citations:

    stud mare, female horse kept for breeding
    horses: (1374) Purce que nous vous envoions deux stodmares quelles nous sount donez, l'un par nostre tres ame chivaler monsire Thomas de Metham, et l'autre par nostre bien ame Wauter Frost de Hull; vous mandons que vous receivez mesmes les stodmares et les facez envoier a nostre receyvour de Tuttebury ii 245

  • stot 1 s.

    Semantic labels: horses, livestock, mammals, zool.

    Citations:

    horse
    horses: (s.xiii) equiferus gallice: stot ii 107

  • strangulun s.

    Semantic labels: horses, pathol.

    Citations:

    strangles, disease of horses characterized by swelling of the glands in the throat
    horses: (s.xii) Ametistus valet ad febres et calidum malum [...] et ad equi infuturam et ad sortelure sorcelur et ad trencesuns et ad farchi et strangelun 380.xiii
    horses: (s.xiii1) Cheval qui tusse e est endreyt le piz estreit, ço apele l'em strangulun 2

  • sucurable a. s.

    Semantic labels: horses, mil., theol., zool.

    Citations:

    kind of horse, possibly packhorse
    horses: (s.xiii1) succusaturii: sucurable ii 100.70
    horses: (s.xiii/s.xvi) succussorii: (L) succurable ii 71.70

    kind of horse, trotter or packhorse
    horses: (s.xiii/s.xvi) succussorii: (D) chevas sucurabelis ii 71.70

  • suieridz a.

    Semantic labels: armour, horses

    Citations:

    armoured??
    horses: (a1510) Richard Fox, qi illoeqes est, vint a force et armes, s. chivals covertz suieridz D1 a1510 arks, setes etc. 267

  • sujurner v.trans. v.intrans. v.refl. sbst. inf. p.pr. as a. p.pr. as s. p.p. as a.

    Semantic labels: horses, mil.
    Usage labels: fig.

    Citations:

    rested, fresh
    horses: (s.xii2) Li patriarches muntet sur un mulz sujurnez 244
    horses: (c.1170) bons destriers sojornez 1336
    horses: (s.xiii1/3) Tant sunt richement conreiez Sur lur bons chevals sejurnez 4210
    horses: (1271-72) sor bons chivals e sor muls sojornez aprocherent 119.2
    horses: (1360-79) Et ses chivals tient sojournez 19329

  • sumelier s.

    Semantic labels: horses, occupation, zool.

    Citations:

    pack animal, especially pack-horse
    horses: (s.xii) clitellarius: sumeiller  i 21

    sumpter, pack-horse driver
    horses: (s.xiii2) gerulacista: (C) sumelier i 229

  • [sumetier] s.

    Semantic labels: horses, occupation, zool.

    Citations:

    pack animal, especially pack-horse
    horses: (s.xiiex) gerulus est equs : (D) gallice sometir ii 163

    sumpter, pack-horse driver
    horses: (s.xiii2) gerulacista: (B) sumeter i 229
    horses: (1302) il ad esté son sumeter vint anz e plus i 156
    horses: (1318) .xxxiiij. someters, qi garderount les ditz somers 269
    horses: (1318) et pour les deux chaumberleyns le dit monsire Hugh de Nevill et pour les deux sometiers ses bachilliers avantditz 62.29

  • summage s.

    Semantic labels: horses, merch., unit, zool.

    Citations:

    pack-animal, especially pack-horse (with its load or burden)
    horses: (s.xii3/4) Ly chareiz e ly somages est de Baudas issuz Qe portent les vins e ly forment moluz E la vessele d'or e ly paieles tissuz 5367
    horses: (1333-37) tauntqe un pount [...] feust suffisalment reparaillé, issint qe gentz a pee et a chival [...] [od?] summages peussent [...] passer 39

  • summail s.

    Semantic labels: horses, merch., unit, zool.

    Citations:

    pack animal, especially packhorse (with its load or burden)
    horses: (s.xii3/4) Lur femes, lur enfanz, lur hernois, lur somaille 1862
    horses: (1373) plusours gentz [...] decoupent les ditz arbours, et par charettes et somailles [...] les emportent ii 124
    horses: (1383) nous ont ottroiez leur grant de somail a nostre oeps ii 255

  • summier s.

    Semantic labels: archit., horses, occupation, zool.

    Citations:

    pack-animal, especially pack-horse
    horses: (c.1135) Grant conpaigne de chevaliers Menoit od lui et de somiers (A) 96
    horses: (1150-70) Cils sumiers [...], Cils chevals, palefreis 1227
    horses: (s.xiiiin) Summiers, runcins e palefreis 242
    horses: (c.1325) or portent e argent en cofres a sumer 1289
    horses: (1382-83) Et a Johan de Brampton, cosour de Londres, pur un somer de lui achatez al use nostre fille de Pembrok .viij. li. ii 259

    sumpter, pack-horse driver
    horses: (1318) charetter ou somere, garceouns ou page 280
    horses: (1325) il devise a R. son sompner son lyt, sak e barhuide 11

  • surfaitous a.

    Semantic labels: horses

    Citations:

    disobedient, refractory
    horses: (c.1305) Cel cheval est trop surfeytous e trop boute avant 253

  • suros s.

    Semantic labels: horses, pathol.

    Citations:

    bony tumour or growth on the leg of a horse
    horses: (s.xii1/4) Si cist souros ci est venuz par dialbe inchantesun, tollet l’en Deus par sa magne resurectium 82.1

  • [suznerver] v.trans.

    Semantic labels: horses

    Citations:

    to hamstring, to disable (a horse) by cutting its tendons
    horses: (s.xiv1) Nostre Sire dist a Josue: ‘[...] Tu southnerveras lour chivals et arderas lour curres al feu.’ [...] Il fist sicom Nostre Sire comaunda a luy: il southnerva lour chivaux et ardi lour curres 533 and 539

  • techelé a. s.

    Semantic labels: colour, horses, pathol., zool.
    Usage labels: fig.

    Citations:

    dappled, having a coat marked with grey or white spots
    horses: (s.xiii1) Parte autem altera equos autem inter fructecta in equicio vagantes, precipuis tresdecim coloribus [...]: badeos, aureos [...] scutilatos gloss: techelés [...] i 173.78 and ii 62.78
    horses: (s.xiiiex) guttatos: (C) pomelés, techilez ii 39.78
    horses: (c.1305) Il =horse ne est pas tut neir ne blaunk mes feraunt techelé 169

  • tondre 1 v.trans. v.intrans. v. refl. p.p. as a. sbst. inf.

    Semantic labels: cosmet., curr., eccl., finan., horses, livestock, monastic, textile, zool.

    Citations:

    (of a horse) clipped, short-haired, short-coated
    horses: (s.xii3/4) Cheval ignel e bon ou kernu ou tondu 845
    horses: (c.1185) Par une posterne est issu Un vallet sor un bai tondu 2262
    horses: (s.xiiex) L’un volt bons vestimenz [...] e palefrai tunduz 1134

  • torchaz s.

    Semantic labels: equit., horses

    Citations:

    twist, handful of straw used to rub down an animal
    horses: (c.1285) qe les beofs seent conreez d'un torcaz le jour 332
    horses: (c.1290) Et li bovers nel teigne a gaz Qe bien ne frote du torkaz torcaz B s.xv 1 torjaz 5 s.xiv 1/4 wysp (Y) 22v
    horses: (s.xivin) Torcas horsewyppe et torcheron 17.554

  • torcher v.trans.

    Semantic labels: build., equit., horses

    Citations:

    to rub down (a horse) (with straw)
    horses: (s.xii3/4) De torchaz furent ceint en lu de baudré, E ly roncin torché e des cues escorné 3760
    horses: (s.xiiiin) Meuz vus avenist [...] torcher a un torchoun ceo chevaus selés 701

  • torcherun s.

    Semantic labels: equit., horses

    Citations:

    handful of straw to rub down a horse
    horses: (s.xivin) Torcas et torcheron horsewyspe 17.554

  • torchun s.

    Semantic labels: equit., horses, textile

    Citations:

    handful of straw used to rub down a horse
    horses: (s.xiiiin) torcher a un torchoun ceo chevaus selés 701

  • trave 1 s.

    Semantic labels: horses

    Citations:

    trave, frame or structure to restrain a horse during shoeing
    horses: (s.xiii2/3) Cheskune traves ke estunt en la ruue le roy dorunt a baillifs quatre deners 33.48
    horses: (s.xiii2) Hoc ergasterium vel pluraliter hee trave, -arum, gallice traves i 217.335

  • trencheisuns s. pl. s.

    Semantic labels: horses, pathol.

    Citations:

    spasmodic pain in the stomach or bowels as a symptom of intestinal worms in horses
    horses: (c.1290) Trenchesouns gnawinges a plusur despleise, E a chivaus nomeement. Trenchesouns apel hom proprement 976 and 978
    horses: (c.1290) E trenchisouns hors wormes as uns despleise E as chivaus nomeement, Car il les manguwent malement (C) 12v

  • [trille] s.

    Semantic labels: horses, implement, zool.

    Citations:

    curry-comb
    horses: (c.1185) st[r]igilis: (L) triles ii 93.72

  • trot s.

    Semantic labels: equit., horses

    Citations:

    trot, horse’s brisk gait between walk and canter
    horses: (c.1165) De haut en bas, e de trot au pas 203.51
    horses: (1160-74) E Franceis se mistrent es troz, E puis entrerent es galopz i 221.1619
    horses: (c.1185) Li paltener od lor cordeles Parmi ces piz suz lor aiseles Les en meinent plus que le trot 2645
    horses: (c.1250) Hec succursara: trot i 417

  • troter 1 v.intrans. p.pr. as a.

    Semantic labels: equit., horses

    Citations:

    to trot, move with a brisk gait, between a walk and a canter
    horses: (s.xiii1) succusanti: (J) trothant 242.63
    horses: (s.xiii) succuso: gallice trotter ii 107
    horses: (s.xiii) succutiendo: (C) gallice trottan en trottaund T s.xiii/xiv ii 27

    (capable of) trotting, moving with a brisk gait between a walk and a canter
    horses: (1212) li Gotheis [...] envoiot les enfanz Sour deus chevals forz, dur trotanz 3096
    horses: (s.xiii) succussanti: trotant ii 110.63

    trotter, kind of horse bred or trained for the trot
    horses: (1305) Nous vous enveoms un gros palefrei trotant 11

  • troter 2 a. s.

    Semantic labels: equit., horses

    Citations:

    trotter, kind of horse bred or trained for the trot
    horses: (1364-72) vint et sept noz destriers, quatre noz coursiers, tresze noz troters, dys et oyt noz palefreys, noef noz somers E101/395/2/70
    horses: (1375) .xvj. li. pur .j. chival trotter ii 339

  • trusse 1 s.

    Semantic labels: agricultural, equit., horses, ship., unit, weapons

    Citations:

    saddle-girth
    horses: (c.1250) hec zonica, hoc trossolare: trosse i 417
    horses: (c.1250) hec zoni[c]a: trusse i 425.404

    pack-saddle
    horses: (s.xiii2) clitella: trusse ii 22.1875

    hind-bow, cantle, back of a saddle (to which loads can be secured)
    horses: (s.xiii1) postellas: trusse derere (R) cureis devant J s.xiii 1 truseus devant D s.xiii 1 242.64

    saddle-bow, pommel, front of a saddle (to which loads can be secured)
    horses: (s.xiii1) antellas: trusse devant (R) cureis devant J s.xiii 1 truseus devant D s.xiii 1 242.64
    horses: (s.xiii) antellas: trusses devant ii 91.64

  • trussel s.

    Semantic labels: agricultural, curr., equit., finan., horses, implement, merch., ship., textile, theol., unit
    Usage labels: fig.

    Citations:

    hind-bow, cantle, back of a saddle (to which loads can be secured)
    horses: (s.xiii1) postellas: (D) truseus derere 242.64

    saddle-bow, pommel, front of a saddle (to which loads can be secured)
    horses: (s.xiii1) antellas: (D) truseus devant 242.64

  • trusser v.trans. v. absol. v. refl. p.p. as a. p.p. as s.

    Semantic labels: horses, merch., theol.
    Usage labels: fig.

    Citations:

    to attach, secure a saddle-bow
    horses: (s.xiiiin) ancellare: truser devant ii 118

    to attach, secure a hind-bow, cantle
    horses: (s.xiiiin) postcellare: trusir derere ii 118

  • [trussoire] s.

    Semantic labels: horses

    Citations:

    crupper, belt to secure the saddle which passes from the rear of the saddle under the horse’s tail
    horses: (s.xiii) antela: (P) poitrail gallice; postela: (P) troisoire i 322

  • ungler v.intrans.

    Semantic labels: equit., horses

    Citations:

    to prance, trot (on a horse)
    horses: (s.xiii4/4) si ke le rey de Engletere vint iloec par bat, e ne voleit ja venir sus ala terre, mes de la nef u il fust parla ou le rey de France ki ungla sur le chival a mount a terre pres de la rivere 266
    horses: (1260-70) Levez sus, danz Robilard: Vus me tenez pur musard Qe vus me fetes ci ongler; Meus vus vausist chivaucher E en vostre chemin espleiter 9165
    horses: (1293) les deus dyseyent ke un Adam le Clerk le fyt aler ou luy, e ben demy luye de cele tere sus un tertre yl nous fyt ungler 21-22 Ed I 133
    horses: (1307) e sire Thomas, ungelant sur sun palefrei, lust le bref iii 195

  • unicorne s.

    Semantic labels: horses, mammals, mythological

    Citations:

    unicorn, a mythological creature with one horn, resembling a horse but with a stag's head
    horses: (s.xii1) Kar li felun perirunt, e li enemi del Seignur gloriant sicume unicorne et inimici Domini gloriantes monocerotes 62.XXXVI.20
    horses: (s.xii3/4) Car la outre en cel val, en cel wast desertez, Entre les bises roches qe getent les clartez, Serpenz e granz dragons hidus i troverez, Tigres e unicornes, [e] lions affamez 4427
    horses: (s.xii3/4) la sunt li olifant, li lion e li serpent, La sont les unicorns e mon[o]ceros ensement 5477
    horses: (c.1230) Monoceros i meint en sum, Ke nus unicorne numum: Cors de cheval, chief ad cervin, Piez d'olifant, cue porcin 689
    horses: (s.xiiiex) Leounesse ou lovesse louesse ou unicorne est femme tant dis come ele est enirree 217.19
    horses: (s.xivin) Barleam counte en soun livere qe un homme en desert aperceut qe un unicorn lui suist as talons, dount il se mist en un arbre e la se tynt [...] Cesti unicorn dount ici parloms, ceo est la mort qe nous syut jour et nuit; le arbre est ceo mound en qi nous trop affium 46

  • ussier s.

    Semantic labels: eccl., horses, law, mil., occupation, ship., title

    Citations:

    type of military transport ship for horses (with opening stern)
    horses: (1194-99) Li reis Richard ne pot movoir, Kar n’ot prest son estovoir Ses galees, ne ses uissiers A porter ses coranz destriers E s’armeure e sa vitaille Por aler sor la chenaille 1127
    horses: (1332) a solail cochant est ordeinez voz hussers voilés, vos cursadones 355

  • vair 1 a. s.

    Semantic labels: colour, costume, herald., horses, skins, zool.

    Citations:

    skewbald
    horses: (1150-70) un vair destrer 2177

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