croissir1 (s.xii1)

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croissir1 (s.xii1)

[ FEW: 16,424b *krussjan; Gdf: 2,380a croissir; GdfC: ; TL: 2,1081 croissir; DEAF:  croissir; DMF:  croissir; TLF: ; OED:  crush v.; MED:  crushen v.; DMLBS: ]
croisir;  crucier;  cruisser,  cruissir,  cruisir;  croistre,  cruistre,  crustre,  croter  

v.a.

1to break, shatter
( c.1170; MS: s.xiiiex )  il avera croissi meinte lance fresnine  1660
( s.xiii1/4; MS: s.xiiim )  R. tent le grant fest de cele bordel; En halt le porte, e en bas le fait avaler; Quil consiut, en sum le chef li crote  3444
to break open
( 1213; MS: 1213 )  Li evesqe […] vot les uis par force croissir  94ra
2to grind, gnash
( 1190-93; MS: s.xiv1 )  Les denz anguisse e cruist e grunt  21v
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  estraingent les dens et croissent et chient et se compissen[t]  i 176
( 1230-53 )  Cruissanz lurs denz de pour  1526

v.n.

1to shatter, be smashed
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  (one could hear) fruissir les espiés e les helmes croissir  3523
( s.xiiiin; MS: c.1300 )  Tant veisiez lances cruissir  13357
2to grind
( MS: s.xii2/4 )  Cez blancs osbercs ki dunc oist fremir E cez espees sur cez helmes cruisir  3485
( 1174-75; MS: c.1200 )  Li fer tentissent e cruissent li acier  648
( s.xiiiin; MS: c.1300 )  Meint grant espié i font croissir  978
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xiii2 )  quant li home ad trop grant freit Tuz les denz croistre li fait  162ra16
3 sound to make a loud noise, groan
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 ) desque a la nuit cruissirent en mei mes reins  49.15.7
soundto creak
( c.1185 )  Rumpent lor cordes, cruist la nef  383
( s.xiiex; MS: c.1200 )  stridere .i. crustre  141.54
soundto crackle, pop
( MS: s.xiiiex )  (When itch mites are heated by a hot egg) vus les purrez oir croissir  284.157

p.p._as_a.

1crushed, smashed
( s.xiiiin; MS: c.1300 )  le brant cruisi Liez (=near, at) la mure pié e demi  14201
( MS: s.xiv )  quasi pinse: croises(l. croisés?)gallice  i 35
2damaged, open
( MS: s.xii2 )  [A] festre occire e cruissee plaie curer  7
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
croissir_1