defire (1113-19)

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defire (1113-19)

[ FEW: 3,29b deficere; Gdf: 2,462c defire; GdfC: ; TL: 2,1288 defire; DEAF: ; DMF:  défire; TLF: ; OED:  defy v. 2; MED:  defien v. 2; DMLBS: 591a deficere ]
defirre;  deffire;  desfire;  defier; 
ind.pr.3 defist,  defit,  desfit; 
ind.pr.6 defient; 
ind.impf.1 defiseie; 
pret.3 defist; 
pret.4 defisimes; 
pret.6 defirent,  defistrent; 
fut.3 defira; 
fut.6 defirunt,  defierunt; 
sbj.pr.6 defisent; 
p.pr. defisant; 
p.p. defyé,  deffit,  defit,  desfit  

v.a.

1to dissipate, get rid of
( c.1270; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  (physical exercise) ennientit Les humurs nusantes, e tut defit  1705
2also_fig.to soften, make tender
( s.xiiex; MS: s.xiii2 )  Quant la char esteit tout quite Que trestute esteit desfite [...]  681
( c.1275; MS: s.xivex )  Comandez, donc, k'a moi se vire (= Love), Pur mon froit quor trestot defire  2152
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  decoquitur: (D*) est defyé  ii 126.6
med.to digest
( s.xiiim; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Mes si il est quit un poy en un pot, si est plus legere a deffire que si il le beust cru  ii 24
( c.1270; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  sun estomac pur le trespas La viande defire ne puet pas  1853
( MS: s.xiiiex )  digerere: defier  ii 163

v.n.

1 to fail, be deficient
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 ) Les espedes de l'enemi defistrent en fin (Latin: Inimici defecerunt frameae in finem)  46.9.6
to be defeated
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 ) Je parsiwerai mes enemis e cumprendrai les, e ne returnerai desque il defisent  51.17.41
2to dissolve
( c.1230; MS: 1275-85 )  La terre ad en soi plusurs veines De cel e sal gemme pleines, Ke en l’ewe tute defit  1617
to fade, melt away, vanish
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 )  Li enemi acertes del Seignur […] defisanz sicum fums defirunt  63.36.21
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xivin )  k’il puisse el saint Esperit La glorie oir ke ne desfit  2338
to perish, waste away
( 1121-25; MS: s.xiv1 ) [...] Que mis cors ne poit defire  1386
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 ) Defist la meie carn e li miens cuers  85.72.25
( c.1230; MS: s.xiiim )  Sun mal agrege e enpire, Que li fait la char defire  1918
emotionto pine away
( s.xii1; MS: s.xiim )  defist la meie aneme (Latin: defecit anima mea) es aitres nostre Seignur  153.LXXXIII.2
3astron.(of moon) to wane, decrease
( 1113-19; MS: s.xii3/3 )  saint Bede [...] Dis fiees le (=the moon) vit Cum creist e desfit  1894a

p.p._as_a.

1wasted, emaciated
( c.1170 )  La char defite isi aveit Qu’imagene mielz qu’home pareit  6256
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2 )  Chival [....], Malement avez ore alé Kant si pres vus suent sé runcis defiez  2503
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
defire