flote1 (1155)

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flote1 (1155)

[ FEW: 3,619a flete /3,640a flota /15/ii,150a floti; Gdf: 4,31c flette 1 /4,38a flote; GdfC: 9,629c flote 1; TL: 3,1950 flote 1 /3,1951a flote 2 /3,1651a flote 3; DEAF: F705 flote_1 /F706 flote_2; DMF:  flotte 1 / flotte 2 / flotte 3; TLF:  flotte 1 / flotte 2; OED:  float n. / flote n.1 / flote n.2; MED:  flote n.1 / flouht n.; DMLBS: 966a flota 2 ]
flot,  flotte; 
pl. flotis,  flotus,  flotys  

The variety of formally very similar etymological roots, both Germanic and Romance in origin, make it impossible to categorically separate these. As a result (and following the MED’s approach), these semantic/etymological strands have been kept together in this single AND article. Furthermore, because of the formal similarities with flete1, flete2 and flod, some additional confusion between these four words must also have existed already in medieval times.


1coll.ship.fleet, a number of vessels under a single command
( 1155; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Les dous flotes s'entrecontrerent, Nefs contre nefs s'entrehurterent  2459
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  (Alexander’s army, after the battle) vont a la maree, Entrent a la flote qe ert eschipee, E vont en lur pais  629
( c.1170; MS: s.xiiiex )  Taunt qu'il vienent al port u la flote est ancree  1608
( 1294 )  Nous vous prioms que les .xxijm. d'esterling, les queux nous enveasmes, nadguers oveque vous, en la flote en vos partyes [...]  i 808
( c.1340 )  les nefs de la flotte ne departiront d'ensemble  16
( 1361 )  Robert de Harle admiralle de tutes les flotes  2
2ship. float, barge, flat-bottomed boat
( 1411 )  certeins dragges autrement appellés flotes, pur carier maeresme et fuaile  iii 665
( 1427 )  qe les ditz lieges eient et enjoient lour frank passage en le dit ryver, as toutz parties et costes al dit ryver adjoinauntz, ou lour flotus et draggus  iv 332
3fishingfloat, set of fishing nets
( c.1300 )  De chescun Cent des flotes  i 14
( s.xivin; MS: s.xiv1/3 )  De chescune flote des reys qe sunt sechiez sour sekke terre [...]  194
4fig.excitement, agitation
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xiii2 )  Flot mustret u commociun E cest mund bien signifie Ki en decurs se mot e plie  152ra36
a flote
en flote
1ship.at sea, in the fleet
( 1358 )  le profit qe l'admiral [...] soleit avoir en temps de gwere, ci bien en flote come de hors  128
mettre en flote
1fig.to excite, agitate
( c.1360-79; MS: s.xivex )  ses joials et ses deniers, Dont met le jofne cuer en flote  8721
defloter  floteler  floter  floteson 
This is an AND2 Phase 2 (F-H) entry. © 2006-2008 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.