orange (s.xivin)

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orange (s.xivin)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 19,138 narang(a); Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,237b orange; TL: 6,1179 orange; DEAF:  orange; DMF:  orange; TLF:  orange; OED:  orange n.1 and a.1; MED:  orange n.; DMLBS: ]
orenge,  orrange  

Only the bitter orange (or Seville orange) was known in medieval times, brought by the Arabs to the Mediterranean in the eleventh century. The common sweet orange was imported from China by the Portuguese only in the sixteenth century.

The word is rare in Anglo-Norman, with its peculiar culinary use not found in English or Continental French.

The TLF lists an earlier Anglo-Norman citation, from c.1200, of pume orenge, attested in Alexander Neckam’s commentary to the Song of Solomon in BL, Royal 4.D.XI, 83r.


pume d'orange(s)
1bot.fruitSeville orange, fruit of the Citrus aurantium
( 1393 )  Pro pomis d'orrange [...] .xvij. s.  orange
( MS: s.xv1 )  Citragulus: (C9) orangetre or orenge appultre(var. (C36: s.xv1/4) poma de orynge)  84
( c.1475 )  Pomi citrini, i. pome d'orenge  orange
2culin.glazed meatball
( s.xivin )  Ceo est une viaunde ke est apelé pomme de ora[n]ges: Pernez char de porc [...] e festes braer en un morter, e metez dedenz le moel de l'oef cru [...]  (A) 1.1
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.