orpetre (s.xiii)

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orpetre (s.xiii)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: ; Gdf: 5,644a orpetre; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  orpetre; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
orpeter,  orpetir  

The word is only attested in TLL (where it is relatively common), usually as a gloss to orichalcus (DMLBS 2053c). The AND definition is inferred from the Latin. The etymology of orpetre is unknown, although an association with or1 is very likely (despite the fact that etymologically orichalcus is unrelated to aurum ('gold'), but derives from the Greek word for brass, ὀρειχαλκος).

The sense of the word as a gloss to Latin fulgetra(TLL i 23.964) remains obscure without any further context; cf. fulgetrum, DMLBS 1024b, defined as ‘a flash of lightning’.


1metalcopper alloy, brass, bronze
( MS: s.xiii )  orpetre / orpetir: oricalcum  i 228
( MS: s.xiii2 )  hec fulgetra: orpeter  ii 23.964
(TBD)  Aurum etiam obrizum sciat discernere ab oricalco (glosses: orpeter, de orpetre), a cupro, ne pro auro elico emat auricalcum  i 189.171 and ii 106.171 and ii 86.171
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.