ostur1 (s.xii1/3)

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ostur1 (s.xii1/3)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 24,72a acceptor; Gdf: ; GdfC: 8,242a autoir /8,243a autour 2; TL: 6,1393 ostor; DEAF: ; DMF:  autour 1; TLF:  autour 1; OED:  ostour n.; MED:  ostour n.; DMLBS: 148c astur /148c asturcus ]
astor,  astore,  austour,  austoure;  estour;  hostoir,  hostour,  hostur,  hostyour,  houstour;  oster,  osteur,  ostor,  ostour,  ostur;  ouster,  ousteur,  oustor,  oustour,  oustur,  hostilur  

Formally the word overlaps with both ostoir (‘soldier’) and oster2 (‘inn-keeper’) – two rare and problematic words with entirely different etymologies. The glosses in TLL ii 68.65, which include the surprising deviant form hostilur (more likely, it appears, to be a form of osteler1, i.e. ‘inn-keeper’) may indicate a certain level of confusion of the terms. There also seems to be some possible confusion between this word and ostriz1 (see commentary). On the difficulties of the taxonomy of medieval bird-names, see David Trotter, ‘Tote manere d’oiseaus: Les noms d’oiseaux en Anglo-Normand’, Cahiers de Lexicologie 103 (2013), 125-43.


( s.xii1/3; MS: s.xiiex )  tel colur Cum est la maile del ostur  242.1186
( MS: s.xii2/4 )  Vos li durrez urs e leons e chens, Set cenz camelz e mil hosturs muers  31
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xiiim )  D'osturs, de falcuns e de girfalcs  152
( 1273-82; MS: s.xivex )  Com li oster vole a sa proie  2379
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  de un roncyn bien portant [ou de hostyor bien volant]  135
( 1360-61 )  Queconque persone qui troeve Faucon, terselet, lanere ou laneret, austoure ou autre Faucoun  i 369
( 1390-1412; MS: s.xv1 )  astores, espervers, faucons [...]  407.29
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  ancipiter: (L) ostur(var. (C: xiii2) oustour; (D: xiii/xiv) hostilur)  ii 68.65
ostricerie  ostricier 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.