pelestre (s.xii2)

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pelestre (s.xii2)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,648b pyrethum; Gdf: 6,67c pelestre 1; GdfC: ; TL: 7,592 pelestre; DEAF:  pelestre; DMF:  pelestre; TLF: ; OED:  pelleter n.2; MED:  peltre n.; DMLBS: 2168c pelestricum ]
pelectre;  peletere,  peletre,  peletree,  pelettre,  peleystre;  pelitre,  pellestre,  pelletere,  pellettre,  pelitrion  163.E496 perestre  237  

According to the OED, Classical Latin pyrethrum (producing piretre, pelestre and petre1) and Medieval Latin parietaria (producing peritorie) became confused early, resulting in a semantic overlap between the two word-families. However, the association with ‘creeping thyme’, suggested by thirteenth-century glosses and also attested for petre1, remains unclear.


1bot.pellitory, Spanish chamomile, Anacyclus pyretrum (the root of which was turned into a powder and used for medicinal purposes)
( MS: s.xii2 )  [A]ccipe [...] la racine de ruge parele, peletre, quinquefoille, crespe mave, cerfoil […]  65.8
( c.1240; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  [P]ernez pelectre e pevre e orpiment [...]  i 67
( s.xiii2; MS: c.1400 )  Piretrum, herba est satis communis, radix eius multum est acuta in sapore qua utimur; gallice et anglice pelestre  145.11
( MS: s.xiiiex )  Piretrum: (A6) gallice pelestre (var. (A12: s.xiii4/4) gallice peretre; (B4: s.xiv1/4) pelletere; (A1: c.1300) gallice peletre de Espayne; (A5: c.1300) peletre savage)  208
( c.1300; MS: s.xivm )  Akarkarha: pelitre  394.401
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  Poudre fet de pellettre est bon ad cescun maladie  ii 264.134
( MS: s.xv )  Herbes a medecyne: [...] flur de geneste, pelettre, cumferie, sanicle [...]  139.E259
2bot.creeping thyme, Thymus serpyllum
( MS: s.xiii )  serpillum: petir, pelestre  ii 112.67
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  serpellum: (D) pelestre(var. (C: s.xiii2) peleystre; (L: s.xiii/xiv) pelletre)  ii 70.67
petre#1  piretre 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.