peniwort (c.1250)

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peniwort (c.1250)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: ; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  paniwit; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  pennywort n.; MED:  peniwort n.; DMLBS: ]
paniwort,  paniwit (l. paniwrt?)  

The interpretation of the term paniwit as paniwrt (and consequently its inclusion here) was suggested by the editor of TLL, on the basis of wrt being a possible variant spelling of wort listed by the MED (see wort n.2). However, the identification of papaver as ‘pennywort’ is very unlikely, as the plant has a very different kind of leaf (which is certainly not penny-shaped). An alternative interpretation would be to read paniwit as a deviant spelling of panifest (which also produced spellings like paniphet or panwhet.


1bot.pennywort, any of various plants with small round leaves (including navelwort or pennygrass)
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  de chescun herbe .ii. poinés, f[l]ur de paniwort e cholet une poiné, .iiii. de burjons de coudre, tot come le autre  ii 214
2bot.(in error?) poppy, papaver
( MS: c.1250 )  hoc papaver: paniwit (l. paniwrt?)  i 428.620
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.