quintisme (s.xii1/3)

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quintisme (s.xii1/3)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: *2/ii,1481b quintus; Gdf: 6,519 quintieme; GdfC: ; TL: 8,102 quintesme; DEAF:  quint (quintesme); DMF: ; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]

This rare word seems to be a tautological construction of quint followed by a superfluous -isme suffix, possibly under the influence of the synonymous cinckime. It is not entirely clear whether this word is genuine. Studer and Evans suggest in the glossary of Lapid that it may be a deviant reading (or perhaps even misreading) of quinzesme, meaning ‘fifteenth’ – a reading which would be supported by the corresponding passage in the First Prose Lapidary, which reads ‘et quant ele est prime, dunc duret la poesté tute jur, e altresi quant ele est quinzieme’ Lapid 106.xxix.6.; cf. quinzime. TL, however, rejects this particular interpretation (‘im Glossar unrichtig’) and links the word with Gdf 6,519a quintième.

In the case of the two Foedera attestations, iii 827 may be read as ‘before the fifth day of May’, but it must be noted that expression le quinzime jur, to indicate the period of a fortnight, seems to be quite common in documents such as these, raising the possibility that this citation belongs under quinzime. In the case of i 879, however, the word can only be interpreted as the ordinal ‘fifth’.


1num.(ordinal) fifth
( 1297 )  Doné desouz nostre privie seal, a Gant, le xv. jour de Octobre, l'an de nostre regne vintisme quintisme  i 879
( 1367 )  juger et determiner [...] dedeinz le quintisme jour de marz ensuant  iii 827


1astron.timefifth day of the moon
( s.xii1/3; MS: s.xiiex )  Quant est prime (=the moon), tut le jur dure (=one's ability to predict the future when placing a certain stone on one's tongue), E le quintesme, en sa nature  59.742
cinckime  quint#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.