(ramir)1 (s.xiiiex)

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(ramir)1 (s.xiiiex)


[ FEW: ; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  ramir; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]

The word does not seem to exist elsewhere, and its status is dubious. It appears in a single manuscript of Adam de Petit Pont’s De Utensilibus, glossing the Latin term chilindros. AND1 defined the lexeme as ‘precious stone (?)’, possibly purely on the basis of the Latin word. The word cylindrus was normally used to refer to a ‘roller’ (DMLBS 549b) or ‘cylindrical stone for levelling the ground’ (Lewis and Short 506c). However Lewis and Short also include the sense ‘precious stone ground off in the form of a cylinder’, which could be the source of AND1's definition.

At first sight, further glosses used in alternative manuscripts seem to confirm this interpretation: MS ‘A’ uses per, probably from pere2, which can mean ‘precious stone’, and MS ‘C’ has baleys, which, if from balaisbalais, means ‘balas ruby’.

However, this interpretation clashes with the textual context of objects found in a grange or storehouse. Reconsidering the alternative glosses, pere may have well been used to refer to a cylindrical stone or roller, but baleys does not fit that interpretation. The only alternative is to read baleys as balaise, ‘broom’, which is semantically unrelated to cylindrus, but does refer to an implement that may be found in a storehouse. In that case, it is a possible hypothesis to consider ramir a misreading of ramun (with ri a mistake for u with a macron), in the sense of ‘besom, broom’.

Ultimately, the issue remains unresolved.


1implement(unidentified or corrupt word, refering to either a stone roller or a broom)
( MS: s.xiiiex )  in horreis gloss: (C) en graungesautem chilindros gloss: (C) baleys (var. (A: s.xiii) icés pers) (var. (T: s.xii-xiii) ramirs), tribulas gloss: (O) flaels vel tridudas [...]  i 174.85 and ii 44.85 (T)
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.