rereban (1155)

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rereban (1155)

[gdw]

[ FEW: *16,158a *hariban; Gdf: 7,191b riereban; GdfC: ; TL: 8,1288 riereban; DEAF: H360 herban (riereban); DMF:  rièreban; TLF: ; OED:  rereband n.; MED:  rereban n.; DMLBS: 2819c retrobannum ]
reireban,  riereban  

The atypical sense of ‘rearguard’ (as suggested by AND1 and the Rom Chev ants editor), in analogy with reregarde, is unetymological and may be debatable.

s.

1mil.arriere-ban, form of feudal military service
( 1360 )  [...] purveu q'il se ne s'entremettent ou cognoissent des choses qui touchent les cynquantiesmes ou rereban pur le fait ou causes de noz presentes guerre  iii 550
2mil.arriere-ban, body of vassals summoned for military service
( 1155; MS: s.xiiiin )  Si a Arthur se cumbatreit U sus riere ban atendreit  12275
( c.1185; MS: s.xivin )  A force soune l'olifan, Lors s'aproche son reireban  12054
( s.xiiiin; MS: c.1300 )  Ja ne vus entremeterez Que riereban mander faciez Unchore  18060
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xiiim )  Vostre rereban faites mander, Si en pensez de vus venger  3637
3mil.rearguard, rear division of an army (?)
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Au rereban sunt li s[e]ur guerreier  4496
arere-ban  ban#1  rere#2 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
rereban