roche2 (s.xii)

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roche2 (s.xii)

[gdw]

[ FEW: 16,732a roche; Gdf: 7,212b roce; GdfC: ; TL: 8,1357 roche 1; DEAF:  roche 1; DMF:  roche 2; TLF: ; OED:  roach n.1; MED:  roche n.3; DMLBS: 2847b rocha 1 ]
roge  ii 108 rosse  Ed II xi 4
pl. rochys,  rokis  

The word’s earliest attestation in TLL i 23 (a twelfth-century glossary) appears among mainly English glosses, and could also be considered to be English. However, the secondary gloss, scygla, already provides a Middle English name for the fish (MED scilga n.), making this instance of roche more likely to be the Anglo-Norman equivalent (cf. similar trilingual triplets on the same folio: ‘anguille: eles .i. anguillies / scardo: baers .i. perche’, TLL i 23).

s.

1ich.zool.roach, freshwater fish of the carp family, Rutilus rutilus
( s.xii )  rombus vel rocea: scylga, .i. roche  i 23
( c.1245 )  Pernez uns peissuns que sunt apelez roches, si ardez en un noef pot  121.132
( s.xiii )  Pictatores vendunt salmones [...], rocie gloss: (L) roches (var. rokis (D*)MS: s.xiii/xiv) stincti [...]  i 201.72, 141.72 and ii 152.72
( MS: s.xiiim )  perches, luz, roches  84
( s.xiv1/4 )  roches et brenes [sic] et autre manere de issue de pescherie  77
( 1380 )  qe nul ne vende n’achate pur revendre nul manere pesson de Thamise, c’est assavoir smelt, roches, floundres [...]  90
( MS: s.xv )  Pernetz un roche vive, si l’ardetz en un pot a pudre  137.E237
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
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