rochet1 (s.xiii1)

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rochet1 (s.xiii1)


[ FEW: 16,149a *hrokk; Gdf: 7,214a rochet 1; GdfC: 10,581a rochet 1; TL: 8,1362 rochet 3; DEAF:  roche 2 (rochet); DMF:  rochet 1; TLF:  rochet 1; OED:  rochet n.1 / rocket n.1; MED:  rochet n.1 / roket n.1; DMLBS: 2847b rocheta 2 ]
rocet,  rochete;  rockeyt;  roket;  roychet;  ruchet; 
pl. rochés,  rochesz,  rochetis,  rochez,  rochis  

Etymologically, the word is a diminutive form of *roch, from Germanic *hrokk (meaning ‘overgarment’). However, the word is not attested without its diminutive suffix in Anglo-Norman or Continental French (unless plural forms such as rochés, rochesz, rochez and rochis can be interpreted as such).

The shift in sense from ‘overgarment’ to ‘undergarment’ (sense 2, glossing Latin perizoma) is unetymological but can also be found in Middle English (MED roket n.1 (e)).


1costumeloose tunic, lightweight overgarment
( 1280-1307; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Robert the Bruce De rochez et chemyses cover ses armours  423.2446
( s.xiv1; MS: c.1361 )  [...] lour =the Apostles’ cotes et rochetes  (A) 368d
costumewoman’s tunic, smock or lightweight overgarment
( MS: s.xiii )  anaboladia: gloss: (A) rochés; (var. (D: s.xiii/xiv) rockeyt a fem)  ii 50.91
( 1265; MS: s.xiv2/4 )  meint bone roket bien ridee  81.132
( MS: s.xiii2 )  teristrum: gloss: (C) rochet ridé (var. (D: s.xiii/xiv) rochet a point;  (L: s.xiii/xiv) rochet a punte)  ii 69.65
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  teristra: (D*) rochis vel chemis  ii 133.42
costumeeccl.liturgicalrochet, ecclesiastical vestment similar to a surplice
( s.xiiiex; MS: 1307-15 )  religion nen est pas en large chaperon [...] ne en blanc rochet  168.21
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  inculas (l. infulas): chesubeles u rochés  ii 53.91
( MS: s.xiv )  en toile pour 6 aubes, pour 6 surplis, pour 6 rochés [...]  519
2costumeundergarment, shift
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  perizoma: (C) brays; (L) rochet  ii 68.65 (L)
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  perizoma: gallice rochete  ii 84.65
( MS: s.xiv )  perizoma: gallice roychet  ii 109.66
3costumekerchief, veil (?)
( MS: s.xiii1 )  flammeola: rochet, cuverchés  ii 98.65
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.