runger (s.xiiiin)

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runger (s.xiiiin)


[ FEW: 10,560a rumigare; Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,589c rongier; TL: 8,1460 rongier 1  /8,1461 rongier 2; DEAF:  rongier; DMF:  ronger; TLF:  ronger; OED:  rounge v.; MED:  roungen v.; DMLBS: 2869c rumigare /2867c rugire 2 ]
rogner,  ronger,  rongier,  rounger;  ruigner,  rungier,  roiner (l. ronjer?) roncher  

This verb seems to overlap with roigner (‘to cut trim’), which, though similar in form and prone to cross over in some of its senses, derives from a different etymology (*rotundiare). While AND1 treated both verbs in one entry (roigner), AND2 separates them on an etymological/semantic basis.


1to gnaw, nibble, eat by chewing vigorously or biting persistently
( 1171-74; MS: c.1200 )  dedenz cel an porent sa char li ver mangier (var. (B: s.xiiiin) rungier)  1459 (var.)
( c.1270; MS: c.1270-75 )  locustes [...] rongent tutes reverdisauntes choses  332
( s.xiii2; MS: c.1300 )  e voz os rognerunt Bestes de terre  170.909
( s.xiv; MS: s.xivm )  tant com il =the antelope est rongeant (var. (B: c.1330) roncheant) les burgeons de ces foilles, il est gueyté del venour […]  73
zool.mammalsto ruminate, to chew (partially digested food)
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  chescun =goat tourne a autre le dos et gist rongeant ceo qe ad mangee  15
( 1356-57; MS: s.xivex )  nous peccheoms a manger des bestes qe furent defenduz en Veil Testament, ceo est des porceaux des lievres e d’autres bestes qe ne roignent point lour viaunde  112
2to chew at, gnaw
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiiim )  Cist diable Amalech est ensement cume taupe ki terre fuet e terre muet, terre furge e terre runge  i 11
( c.1305; MS: c.1330 )  the horse Ceo ne put deporter, ne mie bonement, K’yl ne voise grundilaunt mult inpacient, Ben roinant (l. ronjant?) le frein e aguzant le dent  120
( c.1334; MS: s.xivm )  il =Nero se occist meismes qar de ses denz rounga un palu  =stake et del agu s’enbowela meismes  130.27
( 1396; MS: s.xv1 )  Et quant ils en aront trestout mangés, ils rueront les os a lour mastins. Donques ils [les] rongerount si fort  17.34
3to consider, meditate upon, turn over repeatedly in the mind
( s.xiiim; MS: s.xiv1 )  Si cest escrit rungeast sovent, De pecher ne avereit talent  575
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  Sages est ki ad en us Sovent ronger cest nun Jesus  175.54
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  par corouce qe sourde de graunt envye, chescun de autre se retret e va roungeaunt en malice ceo qe avant ad conceu  15


1to chew vigorously, gnaw
( s.xivin; MS: 1382 )  Femme lesche et rounge (M.E. likkith and gnaweth)  101
zool.mammalsto ruminate, to chew partially digested food
( c.1285; MS: c.1312 )  oxen manguent lur saule e pus seient e roungent  332.c83
( s.xiv1/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Il =the hare porte gresce e crote, e ronge  7
pathol.(of a cancer) to gnaw, eat, spread
( c.1240; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Icele manere de cancre auchune fois s'eslargist e runge en coste  i 85.xiv
runger a coer
1fig.emotionto gnaw at one’s heart, affect deeply
( c.1275; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  par desestablité humeyne Runga au quor pensee veyne  4888

v.refl. gnaw at oneself
( 1212; MS: 1212-13 )  Envious soi meisme ronge Premierement, e puis voonge Sour autrui tote sa malice  221


1(the action of) gnawing, nibbling
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  la neyr =one of two smalls animal hiding among the roots of a tree si est la nuyt par queux la arbre va en declin tant qe au dreyn par lur ronger serra abatu  46


1pathol.eaten away, scarred by disease
( c.1275; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  La buche e jowe le fust hunye E rungé de gref maladye  716
costume(of clothes) moth-eaten, shabby
( s.xivin; MS: 1382 )  Ma manche est tavelee Et de verons (l. verms) tut rongee (M.E. with moutys gnawyn)  413
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.