sephoine (s.xiii)

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sephoine (s.xiii)


[ FEW: 12,489a symphonia; Gdf: 2,133b cifoine; GdfC: ; TL: 9,329 sefoine; DEAF:  sephoine; DMF:  cifoine; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: 3348a symphonia ]
sefoisne;  soffoigne;  suffoine,  suffoign,  sufonies  

Latin/Greek symphonia used as a plant-name normally translates as ‘henbane’ (cf. DMLBS). However, FEW and DMF suggest the sense ‘hellebore’, which is supported by the Latin words glossed in TLL.


1 bot. hellebore, plant of the genus Helleborus
( MS: c.1250 )  Hoc eleborum: sephoine  i 402
( MS: c.1250 )  Hoc elleborum: suffoine  i 428.605
( s.xiii; MS: s.xiii2 )  Si puilz hu lentes seint es chevouz, pernez sufonie et ellebre  48.263
sephoine neir
1 bot. black hellebore, Christmas rose, Helleborus niger
( MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Ou noir soffoigne ou aisil, Ce vaut encontre tel peril  160.349
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  neir suffoine maschez vel maufe  ii 232
( MS: s.xv )  Pernez le racine de le lepre, .i. suffoigne  (ms. fuffoigne) neir [...]  162.E492
simphonie  suffoir#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.