serein (c.1136-37)

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serein (c.1136-37)

[gdw]

[ FEW: 11,509a serenus /*11,516b sero; Gdf: 7,387c serain 1; GdfC: 10,665a serein 2; TL: 9,507 serein; DEAF:  serein; DMF:  serein 1; TLF:  serein 2; OED:  serene n1; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
serain,  serrein  

Two separate etymologies seem to have converged in this word, creating a semantic interaction between ‘evening’ (from sero) and ‘clarity, open air’ (from serenus). The FEW explains the sense ‘evening’ as deriving from serenus, with the interpretation ‘dass der Abend oft eine Aufheiterung des Himmels bringt’ (11,510a).

s.

1 time (clear) evening
( c.1136-37; MS: s.xiv1 )  Cumbatirent [sei] en un plain Des le matin tresk'al serain (var. Des le seir tresqu’al matin (D)MS: s.xiiex)  766 (R)
au serein
1 time meteo. under the open or damp night-air
( 1190-93; MS: s.xiv1 )  Tuit cel jur siglent a talant, E tute la nuit al serein  1463
( c.1230; MS: 1275-85 )  Fetes un fu fors al serain, Quant yver est del gel tut plain  409
( MS: s.xiii2 )  Si le =medecine lesez la hors tute nut al serein  324

adv.

1 time in the (clear) evening
( c.1235; MS: c.1235 )  Ceste croiz aure serrein e matinal  8
seir#1  seril  serin  serir#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
serein