timpan (s.xii1)

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timpan (s.xii1)


[FEW: 13/ii,454b tympanum; Gdf: 7,720a timpan /7,720a timpane; GdfC: 10,820a tympan; TL: 10,310 timpan /10,310 timpane /10,730 tympan(e); DEAF:  timpan; DMF:  tympan / tympane; TLF:  tympan; OED:  tympan n.; MED:  timpan n.; DMLBS: 3535a tympanum]
timpane,  timpanne,  tympan,  tympane, 
pl. timpaus  

The plural form timpaus is placed in rhyme with aveals (plural of avel1). This suggests that the -aus ending was probably intended by the author, and cannot simply be corrected to timpans. The -aus plural ending implies a singular form *timpel which is otherwise not attested – but could be interpreted as a diminutive of timpe.


1musictimbrel, small drum or tambourine
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 ) en tympane e saltier cantent a lui  132.149.3
( s.xii2; MS: s.xii3/3 ) E David e tuz ces de Israel juerent devant nostre Seignur [...] od harpes, e lires, e tympans, e frestels  70.5
( 1214-16; MS: s.xiv1/4 ) teneyent tabours e tympans e fereyent ensemble  865
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xivin ) Harpe e estive et timpaus (l. timpans?) Orgue et vin et autre aveals En vos convives tot avez  565
( s.xiv1; MS: s.xivm ) que jeo toi poesse avoir sui od joies et od chaunceoun et od timpanes et od harpes  259.xxxi.27
timpana  timpanites  timpanistre  timpanur  timpe 
This is an AND2 Phase 6 (T-Z) entry. © 2022-25 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.