trussel (1121-35)

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trussel (1121-35)


[FEW: 13/ii,93b torquere; Gdf: 7,776c toursel; GdfC: 10,815c troussel; TL: 10,446 torsel; DEAF:  torser (torsel); DMF:  trousseau; TLF:  trousseau; OED:  trousseau n.1 / trussel n.; MED:  trussel n.; DMLBS: 3516b trussellus]
trosel,  trosele,  trossel,  trosselle;  troussel;  trusel,  trussell,  trusselle,  trasselle;  trescel,  tresel,  tressal,  tressel,  tresselle, 
pl. troseus,  trosseaus; 
pl. truseus,  trussaus,  trusseaus,  trusseus,  trusseux,  trenceaus (l. treuceaus?)  (O) 340rb
pl. treseus,  tresseaus, 
pl. tresseus  

The editor of Bibbesworth's Tretiz interprets the form in tres- as a variant spelling for trestel (AND ) in Bibb Roth (T) 271 and (G) 560, meaning a stack of grain 'constructed like a trestle' (see Bibb Roth p.34 n.7 and p.79 n.18). However, the semantic link to trestel meaning 'a support for boards or planks serving as a tabletop' is unclear, and there is no further evidence of this word ever being used with reference to a stook of grain.

The variant reading of trussel in manuscripts B, Y and C suggests that this word could be interpreted as a deviant (with vowel shift) of this entry. Other tres- forms for trussel can be found outside the Tretiz tradition (see the London Mun Coll example). The word trussel (as does trusse) is used in an agricultural context for a 'truss, a bale of hay' (see trusse1), which sense, in the Bibbesworth text tradition, seems to have become extended to 'sheafs of grain stacked together', as suggested by the Middle English glosses stack, shok, stok and knicche (see MED stak n., shok n., stok n.1, knicche n.).


1bag, pouch, receptacle made of flexible material
( 1121-35; MS: s.xii3/3 )  Puis al terz jur trussels  (ms. truverez) U petit costerels Sur les dos des jumenz Lur lient fermement  1073
( c.1185; MS: s.xiii1/3 )  Dreit a l’issir d'une sapee Ad choisi deus hommes erranz Qui portoent deus trussels granz  2584
( MS: s.xiiiex )  involucrum: (D) gallice trusse  ii 171
handbag, travelling bag or wallet
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  mantica: (D) trusel(var. )  ii 82.64
fig. theol.burden, weight
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiiim )  Cest est le cunseil: descharge sei del fardel de felunie, gette cel trussel aval desuz ses pez  ii 34
( 1268; MS: c.1300 )  lur coveitise est [si] forte Ke trussez les meine geskes a la porte D'enfern, ou [...] trebucher Covient l'alme od le trussel  3661
2trunk, box, chest
( c.1185; MS: s.xiii1/3 )  Les locs de lor trossels desere, Besanz i trove e anels  2608
3 bundle, bunch, parcel of bundled baggage, goods (etc.)
( MS: s.xii4/4 )  'Se dunc,' fait il, 'esteie la, Mes trussaus, pot estre, i vendraie Et qui[t] que jo i guainnereie'  925
( MS: s.xiii )  trussulam: trosele  ii 120.64
( MS: s.xiiiex )  trusullas; (C) troseus  ii 127.11
( 1303 )  De chescon trussel cordé, .iiij. d.; De trussel saunz corde, .ij. d.  163
( 1378 )  de chescune trussell quecumque merchandise i soit, e de chescune chose en ceste bille noon specifié ne mencion fait, vendu a value .v. s. un dener  iii 53
unit textile merch. bundle, bound parcel of cloth
( 1216-20; MS: 1419 )  De chescun trusselle de draps issauntz outre meer par estraunge, petit ou graunt, .iiij. deniers  237
( s.xivin; MS: s.xiv1/3 )  Marchantz qi a Londres repeirent, et aportent dras, linges e langes, ne poent vendre fors treis jours en la symeyne, le lundi, mardi et mekerdi, deqes a noune, e donk deit realier ses tressals (Latin: debent religare trussellos), et rien ne vendre auant del autre lundi  717
( s.xivin; MS: s.xiv1/3 )    de chescun trussel ou barde de drap [...] lyé de cordes seyt pris .iiij. d.  186
agriculturalunit truss, bale (of hay etc.)
( 1160-74; MS: s.xvii )  Dedenz un troussel d'erbe l'a fait envoleper e ben lié et torchiez  i 95.2422
agricultural stack, stook, sheaves of grain stacked together
( c.1290; MS: s.xiv1 )  Ci vient volaunt un restel Si se trait vers ceo trussel (var. tresel ) (M.E. stak (B), shocke (Y, C), a stak of corn (T)) Car mult mieux plest au restel Envirouner un haut trussel (var. (T: s.xivin) tresel;  (G: 1307-25) trescel ) (M.E. þe stouk (T)), Qe nul biau treit de la vyele Ou nule note de frestele  (Y) 19v
( s.xivin; MS: 1382 )  Homme chastre porcel Et de garbis fait tresselle (M.E. And of schewes makith schockes)  313
( s.xvin; MS: s.xv1 )  Et mult pleast un petit reistele Avironer un grant trasselle (M.E. And much hit plesuþ a lytyl wrenne To go aboute a gret stok)  58.8
4implementfinan.curr. trussel, punch for making the impression on the upper side of coin
( 1300 )  Vous enveyames del dit eschekier [...] deux peire de cuyns noveaux en .vj. peces. E puis [...] une peire nove en treis peces, c'est a savoir a chescone peire une pile e .ij. trusseux  pile n.2 (etym.)
( 1320 )  il ly graunta ses coignes pur monee faire [...] e [...] ly graunta il treis peces [...] que sunt apellez trusseux [...] si ly plest voile comaunder qe les treis trusseus avaunditz lui seient liverez arere  251
5ship.implement truss, tackle that secures the yard to the mast
( 1338 )  .iij. ankers, .iij. cables, .iiij. haucers, .v. trusseux, la bonet del trief  ii 100
6 used as a surname
( 1169 )  Galfridus Trussel  x 69
trussel derere
1horsesequit. hind-bow, cantle, back of a saddle (to which loads can be secured)
( MS: s.xiii1 )  postellas: (D) truseus derere  242.64
trussel devant
1horsesequit. saddle-bow, pommel, front of a saddle (to which loads can be secured)
( MS: s.xiii1 )  antellas: (D) truseus devant  242.64
mettre en trussel
1 agricultural to stack, stook, bind into a sheaf (harvested crop)
( c.1290; MS: s.xv1 )  E en tresseaus (M.E. kencches) (var. (A: s.xiv1/4) tresseus;  (P: s.xiv1) treseus;  (8: 1300) tresels ) voz garbes metez  (B) 97v
trusse#1  trussoire  trusseparail  trussepoleige  trusser  trusserope  trusseure  trussing  trussun 
This is an AND2 Phase 6 (T-Z) entry. © 2022-25 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.