berfrai (s.xii3/4)

Browse the Dictionary


Search Results

Your search results will appear here.

berfrai (s.xii3/4)

[ FEW: 15/i,94b bërcvrit; Gdf: 1,624c berfroi; GdfC: 8,316b berfroi; TL: 1,925 berfroi; DEAF:  berfroi; DMF:  beffroi; TLF:  beffroi; OED:  belfry n.; MED:  belfrei n.; DMLBS: 194a berefredum ]
beffroi,  beffroit,  befrei;  belfrai,  belfrei;  berefrai,  berefrei,  berfrei,  berfreit,  berfroi,  berfroit,  befuer,  bervfreie, 
pl. beferez,  beffroes  33  


1mil.archit.fortified outer wall or outwork of a city, castle, etc.
( MS: s.xiiiex ) antemuralia: (C) barbekans, berfrays (var. (D: s.xiii/xiv) barbecans )  ii 135.49
( c.1316 )  abatirent les dites mesones [...] et emporterent le merin pur faire berfrays et bretages en defense de la dite vile  114
2mil.weaponsmovable tower used as a siege engine, mantlet, penthouse
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Ja n’avera dart tret ne gavelok lancez Ne perere levez ne berfrey drescez  6324
( MS: s.xiii )  vinea: berfroi  ii 118.70
( c.1316 )  l’assailerent [...] par berfrays et autres engines  114
( MS: s.xiv )  phala: gallice berfreye  ii 62
mil.weapons wooden siege engine used as a catapult
( MS: s.xiii )  phalarice: (A) berfrai (var. (C: s.xiiiex) de befreis; (D: s.xiii/xiv) berefrey; (L: s.xiiiex) beferez; (O: s.xii/xiii) berefreys; (T: s.xii/xiii) berfrés)  ii 43.83
( MS: s.xiiiex ) fustibula: (C) befreys vel foundeles (var. (D: s.xiii/xiv) berfrays;  (D*: s.xiii/xiv) fundis )  ii 135.49
mil.weaponswooden siege engine used as a battering ram
( MS: s.xiii )  arietes: engins, berefrés  ii 93.69
( MS: s.xiii2 )  arietes: (C) berefreyz, gallice berfreyz (var. (D: s.xiii/xiv) berfreyis; (L: s.xiii/xiv) befuers)  ii 71.69
3eccl.archit.belfrey, bell-tower
( 1373-74 )  Primes, pur soner none en le belfray de Seint Poul [...]  160
( 1381-83 )  En primes, pur le sonour del grant sonel de Seint Poul et pur autres custages del berfray – .viij. s. ij d.  198
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.