orb (1120-40)

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orb (1120-40)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 7,389b orbus; Gdf: 5,613c orbe; GdfC: ; TL: 6,1182 orbe 3; DEAF:  orp / orp (orbe); DMF:  orbe 2; TLF:  orbe 1; OED:  orb a. / orb n.2; MED: ; DMLBS: 2046b orbus ]
horb,  orp  

The prime sense of Latin orbus (‘bereaved (by death)’) is not attested in Anglo-Norman. The English usages of the word are late-medieval/early-modern, and, although derived from the same Latin root, have different senses from the Anglo-Norman word.

a.

1pathol.blind, deprived of sight
( c.1235; MS: c.1235 )  Li oil crevé li soient, eit la vue perie; Orb est de quor e avoglez  732
2dark, obscure, gloomy
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Il enchace le roy Daire desqu'al nuiter, Mes donc par oscurté s'en ala enbuscher, E atant le perdy en un orbe senter  2018
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Cil estoit [...] Entre les moines autresi Com en orbe maison chandeile  3078
( 1399; MS: s.xv1 )  Bon, mal; grand, petit; hault, bas; sain, malade; cler, orbe, barboillé; [...]  52.18
lawobscure, unclear, unsupported
( c.1136-37; MS: s.xiii1/3 )  Pur un plein dit d'un orp apel Ne ferum jugement [novel]  4959
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xiv1/3 )  Abusion est a resceivre excepcions en jugement si ele ne soit suffisaument pronuncié, car de orbe excepcion sourt rerement (=rarely) cleer jugement  166.105
orb cop
1dry blow (that does not draw blood but produces bruising)
( 1214-16; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  (Oliver) estoyt tot quassés de orbes  (ms. ordes) coups (Latin: magnisque ictibus) de bastouns e dars e de setes  1257
orb ovraigne
ovraigne
orbe rue
1archit.blind alley, cul-de-sac
( c.1275; MS: c.1275 )  chescune venderesse de pain en la grant rue de Wincestre [...] doit al rois de custume par an .ij. soz [...] E as horbes rues .vi. d. u trois deners sulump ce ke sanz mainuvre est  34.38

s.

1pathol.blind person
( MS: 1120-40 )  Ne muz ne orbs, ne nuls palazinus  552
( c.1136-37; MS: s.xiii1/3 )  Li orps l'oid ki loinz seeit  2735
( 1216-25; MS: s.xiiim )  un forsené resut sun sens e un orb la veue  21
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiiiex )  Chaaunt par fossez cum uns orbs  112
fig.one who does not perceive
( c.1174; MS: s.xiiiin )  'Grant tort avez,' fait il, 'jo vus tieng tuz pur orbs'  4171
2lapid.blank or plain stone panel
( 1395 )  (Tomb of Richard II and Queen Anne:) Et les ditz masons serront measons pur .xii. images [...] .vi. a l'une coste, et .vi. a l'autre coste [...] et le remenaunt du dite toumbe serra fait ové orbes, accordantz et semblables as dites measons pur ymages  orb n.2 (etym.)
asorber  enorbetté 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
orb