petre1 (s.xiii1)

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petre1 (s.xiii1)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,648b pyrethrum; Gdf: 6,133c petre; GdfC: ; TL: 7,867 petre; DEAF:  peter 2 / petre; DMF:  pètre; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
peter,  petir  

According to the OED’s etymology, Classical Latin pyrethrum (producing piretre, pelestre and petre) and Medieval Latin parietaria (producing peritorie) became confused early on, resulting in a semantic overlap between the two word-families. The association with ‘creeping thyme’, suggested by thirteenth-century glosses and also attested for pelestre, remains unclear.


1bot.pellitory, Spanish chamomile, Anacyclus pyretrum (the root of which was turned into a powder and used for medicinal purposes)
( MS: s.xiii3/4 )  foilles de lorier, de chescune. x. drames, puliol, petre, pioine, savine, de chescune. x. drames  330
( MS: s.xiiiex ) piretrum: (C) petre (var. (C*: s.xiii) pelestre;  (L: s.xiii) peletre )  ii 142.75
( MS: s.xv )  Agripmellus: (C35) petir  12
2bot.creeping thyme, Thymus serpyllum
( MS: s.xiii1 )  serpillum: peter  ii 99.67
( MS: s.xiii )  serpillum: petir, pelestre  ii 112.67
pelestre  piretre 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.