pike1 (1382)

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pike1 (1382)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: *8,432a picus; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  pike; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  pike n.3; MED:  pik(e n.2; DMLBS: 2273b pica 4 ]

The OED suggests an etymology that goes back to picus, i.e. pic1, with a transfer of sense based on the fish’s pointed jaw. As it is a meaning only found in English (always spelled with a ‘k’), the word must be treated a loanword from English rather than a derivative or sense of Anglo-Norman pic1. The DMLBS, in contrast, treats the two senses together sub pica 4.


1ich.zool.pike, freshwater fish with a pointed snout and teeth
( 1382 )  aucun manere de pesson fressh' du miere ne de eawe douce [...] forspris pikes, anguilles fresshes [...]  iii 142
( 1384 )  des troutes, samons, pykes, roches, barbils, et d'autre pesson  iii 201.23
( 1396; MS: s.xv1 )  dorz et pikes  83 (n.11,5-16)
pic#1  pikerel 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.