pomade (1266-1300)

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pomade (1266-1300)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,153b pomum; Gdf: 6,267a pomat /6,267a pomee (pomade); GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  pon (pomade); DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  pomade n.1; MED:  pomade n.; DMLBS: 2337b pomacium (pomatum) ]

The variant spelling with an excrescent ‘r’ has no etymological grounds, and, according to the OED etymology, can only be explained as possibly by association with cider n. (Anglo-Norman cicer).

English pomade n.2 for scented grease preparation or ointment is attested from 1562, and the OED etymology suggests that apples may have originally been an ingredient to perfume the ointment. Such a sense is not attested in Anglo-Norman: The Five Med MSS citation was originally defined as ‘cream, ointment’ in AND1, but the chronology and textual context suggest that at this point the word pomade simply referred to the juice of apples, here used upon a medicinal plaster.


1beverageapple juice, cider
( 1266-1300; MS: c.1300 )  Autres boires fait om de pommes, que om apella pomade, de poires perrei, de cerrises cerrisei, de prunes prunei, de meures morei  102.1119
( 1339 )  Et sur ce brief soit mandé [...] de liverer al attornez le dit Monsir Thomas .xxx. tonelx de pomadre, .l. quintalx de fer [...]  ii 109.32
( MS: s.xiv )  Laver sa boche de vinegre tempré ou vergus e ou pomade de pome de boys  223.16
( MS: s.xv )  Pernez le jus des pommez dé bois e lavez la festre, e fetez un emplastre de la pomade e lyez desuys   120.E22
vin de pomade
1beveragecider, drink prepared from apples
( 1323-25 )  Et dyseient ceux de la ville de Seynt Saver qe il n’avoyent pas blee en la ville a plus de my an, mes il avient asset des vyns de pomadres par dys aunz  133
pomace  pume 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.