quichel (s.xiii)

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quichel (s.xiii)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: ; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  couch n.2 / quicken n.2 / quitch n.1; MED:  quich n. / quiken n.2; DMLBS: ]
cwychel;  quichil,  quikele; 
pl. quechis  
M.E. (?)

Although the word appears to be Middle English no precise equivalent can be found in the OED or the MED. As the context confirms, the root is most probably Old English qwice (‘couch-grass’) from Germanic quick a. (‘endowed with life’), but the -el suffix is of uncertain origin. A similar unexplained element is present in the English synonym quicken (See OED etymology of quicken n.2, Third Edition, December 2007).


1bot.vetch, couch-grass
( MS: s.xiii )  ervus: quikele  ii 95.160
( MS: s.xiii ) Habeat et ligones quibus tirsos extirpet et intubas, urticas, errvos gloss: [qui]chel, quechis (var. (D: s.xiii/xiv) quichil, sternys ), lollium, carduos [...]  i 186.160 and ii 115.160 and 76.160
( MS: s.xiii2 )  De ervo dicitur hoc ervum, quedam herba .s. cwychel, et alio nomine dicitur centinodium  i 381
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.