culture (c.1160)

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culture (c.1160)

[ FEW: 2/ii,1504a cultura; Gdf: 2,344a couture (culture); GdfC: ; TL: 2,974 culture; DEAF:  couture (culture); DMF:  culture; TLF:  culture; OED:  culture n.; MED:  culture n.; DMLBS: 530b cultura n. ]
colture,  coulture;  coture,  cotoure;  cousture,  couture,  custure,  cuture;  coultoure  

s.

1agriculturalcultivation, husbandry
( c.1160; MS: s.xiiim )  Dunc porta a meisun le gain de sa culture  3899
( 1376 )  laborer de mayntenir la coultoure de la terre  ii 341
2agricultural(piece of) cultivated land, arable field
( s.xii2; MS: s.xiiex )  […] Saul, ki de ses cultures repairad  21
( c.1292; MS: c.1300 )  quantz des champs et des cutures sount en demeyne  ii 67
( 1310 )  Nous avoms un culture (var. une cousture l. coulture) joynant a cel pree  Ed II iii 104
( 1329-30 )  la garde del park […] et de deux cultures, c’est a dire Overcroft et Nethercroft  3-4 Ed III 343
agriculturalstrip of ploughland
( c.1285; MS: c.1312 )  une custure (l. culture) de terre deit estre qarante perches de lunc e qatre perches de leesce  314
agriculturalfurlong
( c.1285; MS: c.1312 )  duzze cultures funt une liue  314
3close, curtilage
( 1283 )  quatre acres de pree en sun boys […] joste sa coture  25.38
( 1312 )  un maner ou J. […] ad une curte (var. culture) ajoynt a ceo maner a qeu curte (var. culture) G. ad un chemyn en temps overt  Ed II xii 125
4formation, training
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiiim )  Deus fist la culture del quor a la pucele (=B.V.M.) si quite ke deable n’i out ke chalenger  ii 30
5cult, worship
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  A Saturne l’esteille font en haut cuture (var. en aust coture (C)MS: s.xiiim; en aust culture (L)MS: s.xiii2)  6035
tor de culture
1agriculturalplough-ox
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Corn[e]s aveit al chief cum tor de custure (l. culture)  4057
mettre en culture
1agriculturalto put under cultivation, under the plough
( 1335 )  avant qe null terre fust mise en culture dedeinz la dist forest  ii 94
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
culture