[ostoir] (1199-1202)

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[ostoir] (1199-1202)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 4,500a hostis; Gdf: 5,656c osteor /5,659b ostoier 2; GdfC: ; TL: 6,1392 ostoiier 2; DEAF:  ost (ostoieor); DMF:  ostoyer 2; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
ostoir,  hostoir  

The word is rare in French: Godefroy provides one attestation from Wace’s Roman de Rou ( for osteor, glossed ‘combattant, guerrier, militaire’) and another from Froissart’s Cronicle (sub ostoier 2, glossed ‘soldat’). The DMF and T/L do not add any further attestations. Although the word is not found in medieval English, the OED has the comparable entry hoster n.2, glossed as ‘one who serves in a host of army’, with an earliest attestation of 1892.

Alternatively – and without further context – the word may also be interpreted as a variant of the formally similar but semantically unrelated oster2 (‘hosteler, landlord of an inn’), which is equally rare (and just as problematic to gloss).


1mil.occupationsoldier, one who serves in the army (?)
( 1199-1202 )  tempore quo Gaufridus le hostoir habuit custodiam terre  304
ostage#1  ost#1  osteier 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.