polir1 (c.1150)

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polir1 (c.1150)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,126b polire; Gdf: 6,264a polir; GdfC: 10,372a polir; TL: 7,1376 polir; DEAF:  polir; DMF:  poli  / polir; TLF:  poli  / polir; OED:  polish v. / polite a. and n.; MED:  polishen v. / polit(e a.; DMLBS: 2332a polire ]
pollir; 
p.p. polit  

The unusual sense of ‘embroidered’ of the adjectival usage is not attested elsewhere, and stems from the Latin and Middle English equivalent words (cf. MED steinen v.). However, it may be that the Anglo-Norman translator misinterpreted the Latin term polymito in the Vulgate (DMLBS polymitus, ‘(of cloth) woven or embroidered with threads of different colours’, from Greek πολυμιτος) as a derivation of polire, in which case the ‘breast-plate’ is to be understood in this Bible translation with the regular sense of ‘polished’ or ‘burnished’.

v.a.

1to polish, burnish, make smooth and shiny by friction
( c.1150; MS: c.1300 )  Les precioses margaries Ke uns prestres nos ad polies  90
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiiim )  Li piere sunt li juste e li fort produme qui sunt quarré e poli de diverses tribulatiuns e mis en le edifiement de Seinte Iglise  3106
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  ) Deu [...] Lur (=the angels) fist icel sarcu polir A l'oez la virge, seinte Audree  2289
( s.xiv1; MS: s.xivm )  les massouns a tailler perres et les pollir  283vb
med.to smooth, remove irregularities
( MS: c.1300 )  Cest oignement vaut a l'esplen et a os lier. Aprés le reliement de l'os il onie l'os et polist  326.1
zool.(of an animal’s coat of hair) to stroke, make smooth and glossy
( 1214-16 )  Tu ton chat eimes e nourris, Bailles e beises e polis  1798

p.p._as_a.

1polished, smooth and shiny
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Ceste rounde piere, petit[e] e polie, Toy, roys Alisandre, pur voir signifie  5590
( c.1235; MS: c.1235 )  Purs e esmirables cum cristals politz  903
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  si doit l'en prendre un greile baston bien poli et l'enogne l'en de terrebentine ou de glu et li boute l'en en l'oreille tant que il touch[e] a la pere  i 190
( 1280-1307; MS: s.xiv1 )  ore est le cors [...] en toumbe de marbre bien polie  429.2586
med.smooth, without any irregularities
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Dont les boiaus et l'estomac remaignent polies et pleins et de ce en vient la lientere (=type of diarrhoea)  i 223.120
fig.refined, elegant, graceful
( c.1275; MS: s.xivex )  sa parole polie Plaine de sainteté  1249
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  tantost engeter cele velue pel de entour le quer e oumble e ou sueve acorde fere sei e lour quers e suefs e poliz  218.8
fig.pej.smooth, specious
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xiv2 )  par fauce doctrine polie [...] La simple gent de cest mund deceverunt  1752
2textiledecor.embroidered (?)
( s.xiv1; MS: s.xivm )  Et tu feras un racionale (=breast plate of a Jewish high-priest) [...] de oevere pollie (M.E. steinde) (Latin:  opere polymito) de juggement jouste la tissure del (l. des) surespaulers  56ra
poliser  poliseur 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
polir_1